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Children eye care
Vision and learning
Vision is a complex and fundamental process in children's learning. Two thirds of the information students receive is through the sense of vision.

The development of vision includes the ability of using both eyes at the same time in an effective and coordinated way in order to identify, interpret and understand the information. If the development of the visual system is not correct, with age there may be difficulties in the learning process.

School activities involve spending a lot of time in close vision, which requires good visual and perceptual skills to read quickly and to understand what is being read.
Warning signs
The first manifestations appear in school-age children: the child is not interested in reading or writing. When there are problems in the processing of visual information, children need more effort and concentration, which means lack of attention and/or motivation for reading and writing and a poor reading comprehension.

The symptoms and signs that may be associated with visual problems are: eye asthenopia (headache, itchy and red eyes...), turning one eye (regularly or when tired), rubbing their eyes, pulling faces, etc.
Signs and symptoms of visual problems by age of the child:

- Does not show interest in the objects they observe.
- Does not approach the objects they touch to inspect them.
- Has no interest in the pictures they are shown.
- Does not usually point to objects or people they see.
- Does not visually inspect objects without touching them.
- Has no interest nor laughs when shown objects they like or people they know.
- Does not like to explore spaces or objects they do not know.
- Does not like to paint or draw.
- Does not like to look at pictures in books.
- When painting they easily go out of the lines.
- Has trouble reading and copying easy letters or words.
- Has trouble doing manual cutting activities.
- Has trouble ordering objects according to shape, colour and size.
- Has trouble placing objects in small openings.
- Poor reading comprehension and difficulties remembering what they read.
- Gets tired easily and gets distracted when reading and writing.
- Has no motivation at school.
- Not able to do the same activity for more than 5-10 minutes.
- Confuses, omits, repeats or inverts some letters, numbers, syllables and words when reading and writing.
- Skips words and lines when reading and writing.
- Excessive head movements when reading.
- Reads very slowly.
- Is disorganised in school activities.
- Has trouble copying from the blackboard.
- Makes a lot of spelling mistakes.
- Has trouble solving mathematical problems.
- Holds texts too close when reading or writing.

Sometimes, in children it is much more difficult to suspect that they have a visual defect, as they do not complain like adults about the symptoms they have, because they cannot express nor explain themselves as they would like to. Also, children, most of the time, have a visual problem but without any visible symptomatology, as they have a high adaptation capacity and the visual defect can go unnoticed. This is why children's check-ups should be essential from an early age (at 6 years old approximately).

Up to 10-12 years old, children's eyes are developing and it is important to detect any alteration and correct it in time.
Vision Therapy
How do we work
Vision therapy is an optometric treatment for patients of all ages, totally individualized in which the aim is to enhance or correct all visual, sensory integration and visuomotor skills, as well as learning problems related to vision, etc. and the aim is to achieve a visual system that is as effective as possible.

The optometrist, after carrying out a complete optometric examination prepares a personalized exercise program to work on repeatedly improving and incrementing visual skills.

Vision therapy is effective if the necessary time is devoted to it in a constant and repetitive way. Once a week, the therapy is carried out together with the optometrist in the examination room for around 45 minutes, where the proposed exercises are done and the progress of the treatment is assessed. You will also have to work at home every day for at least 20-25 minutes on the homework prepared by the optometrist.

The duration of the treatment will vary depending on the progress of each patient.
What is the perfect age to start
wearing sunglasses?
It is very important to wear sunglasses from an early age, as the eye is still in a maturing phase.

Children have larger pupils than adults, so they receive more light.

In the first year of life, the crystalline lens allows 90% of UV radiation and 50% of UV-B light to pass through, which reaches the retina. This can cause short and long term damage. This radiation between the ages of 12-13 is between 60% and 25% respectively.

Without adequate protection, 80% of the UV radiation accumulated in the eye occurs before the age of 18.

We have to make sure that the sunglasses comply with the current regulations which imply a minimum absorption of 99% of ultraviolet light to up to 400 nm. Sunglasses are essential after cataract or retina surgery.